Basic Note's on Plumbing - PDF

What is Plumbing ?
Plumbing is any system that conveys fluids for a wide range of applications. Plumbing uses pipes, valves, plumbing fixtures, tanks, and other apparatuses to convey fluids. Heating and cooling (HVAC), waste removal, and potable water delivery are among the most common uses for plumbing, but it is not limited to these applications. The word derives from the Latin for lead, plumbum, as the first effective pipes used in the Roman era were lead pipes.

The major categories of plumbing systems or subsystems are: 
  • Potable cold and hot tap water supply
  • Plumbing drainage venting
  • Sewage systems and septic systems with or without hot water heat recycling and graywater recovery and treatment systems
  • Rainwater, surface, and subsurface water drainage
  • Fuel gas piping
  • Hydronics, i.e. heating and cooling systems using water to transport thermal energy, as in district heating systems.
What is a plumber?
Plumbers are technicians who handle various aspects of installing and maintaining plumbing systems. The scope of their work ranges from water supply and heating to sanitation and drainage. Plumbers may work in commercial and residential buildings, farms, parks and public spaces. Experienced plumbers may own and operate their own business and hire entry and mid-level plumbers.
What does a plumber do?

Plumbers install, repair and maintain water/gas supplies, sanitation units and related appliances in commercial and residential buildings. They often assess plumbing systems, diagnose issues and implement workable solutions. The typical duties of a plumber include:
  • Solving plumbing issues in residential and commercial buildings
  • Estimating the cost of the work/project before starting work
  • Diagnosing issues in plumbing systems and suggesting long-term solutions
  • Analysing blueprints to plan new installations
  • Installing sinks, toilets and other related fixtures
  • Testing plumbing systems for weaknesses and durability
  • Repairing water supply and sanitation appliances
  • Cutting, assembling and welding tubes, pipes, fittings and other related fixtures
  • Sourcing and managing materials for different projects.

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